Exhibit A

EXHIBIT A
Registration Agreement

1. In this Registration Agreement (“Agreement”) “Registrant”,
“you” and “your” refers to the registrant of each domain name
registration, “we”, “us” and “our” refers to Tucows.com Co., and
“Services” refers to the domain name registration services provided by
us as offered through _____________________________________, the
Registration Service Provider (“Reseller”). Any reference to a
“registry,” “Registry” or “Registry Operator” shall refer to the
registry administrator of the applicable TLD or ccTLD. This Agreement
explains our obligations to you, and explains your obligations to us
for the Services. By agreeing to the terms and conditions set forth in
this Agreement, you are also agreeing to be bound by the rules and
regulations set forth by a registry for that particular registry only.

2. SELECTION OF A DOMAIN NAME. You acknowledge and agree that we
cannot guarantee that you will obtain a desired domain name
registration, even if an inquiry indicates that a domain name is
available at the time of your application for same. You represent that,
to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither the registration
of the domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly
to be used, infringes upon the legal rights of a third party and
further, that the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it
at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose.

3. FEES. As consideration for the Services, you agree to pay
Reseller the applicable service(s) fees prior to the effectiveness of a
desired domain name registration or any renewal thereof. All fees
payable hereunder are non-refundable even if your domain name
registration is suspended, cancelled or transferred prior to the end of
your current registration term. As further consideration for the
Services, you agree to: (1) provide certain current, complete and
accurate information about you as required by the registration process,
and (2) maintain and update this information as needed to keep it
current, complete and accurate. All such information shall be referred
to as account information (“Account Information”). You represent that
the Account Information and all other statements put forth in your
application are true, complete and accurate. Both Tucows and each
registry reserves the right to terminate your domain name registration
if: (i) information provided by you or your agent is false, inaccurate,
incomplete, unreliable, misleading or otherwise secretive; or (ii) you
have failed to maintain, update and keep your Account Information true,
current, complete, accurate and reliable. You acknowledge that a breach
of this Section 3 will constitute a material breach of our Agreement
which will entitle either us or a registry to terminate this Agreement
immediately upon such breach without any refund and without notice to
you.

4. TERM. This Agreement will remain in effect during the term of
your domain name registration as selected, recorded and paid for at the
time of registration or any renewal thereof. Should the domain name be
transferred to another registrar, the terms and conditions of this
Agreement shall cease.

5. MODIFICATIONS TO AGREEMENT. You acknowledge that the practice
of registering and administering domain names is constantly evolving;
therefore, you agree that Tucows may modify this Agreement, or any
other related and/or applicable agreement, as is necessary to comply
with its agreements with ICANN, a registry or any other entity or
individual, as well as to adjust to changing circumstances. Your
continued use of the domain name registered to you will constitute your
acceptance of this Agreement with any revisions. If you do not agree to
any change, you may request that your domain name registration be
cancelled or transferred to a different accredited registrar. You agree
that such cancellation or request for transfer will be your exclusive
remedy if you do not wish to abide by any change to this Agreement, or
any other related and/or applicable agreement.

6. MODIFICATIONS TO YOUR ACCOUNT. In order to change any of your
account information with us, you must use the Account Identifier and
Password that you selected when you opened your account with us. You
agree to safeguard your Account Identifier and Password from any
unauthorized use. In no event shall we be liable for the unauthorized
use or misuse of your Account Identifier or Password.

7. NO GUARANTY. You acknowledge that registration or reservation
of your chosen domain name does not confer immunity from objection to
the registration, reservation or use of the domain name.

8. DOMAIN NAME DISPUTES. You agree that, if the registration or
reservation of your domain name is challenged by a third party, you
will be subject to the provisions specified in the dispute policy
adopted by the applicable registry. You agree that in the event a
domain name dispute arises with any third party, you will indemnify and
hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions contained in the
applicable policy. If Tucows is notified that a complaint has been
filed with a judicial or administrative body regarding your domain
name, Tucows may, at its sole discretion, suspend your ability to use
your domain name or to make modifications to your registration records
until (i) Tucows is directed to do so by the judicial or administrative
body, or (ii) Tucows receives notification by you and the other party
contesting your domain that the dispute has been settled. Furthermore,
you agree that if you are subject to litigation regarding your
registration or use of your domain name, Tucows may deposit control of
your registration record into the registry of the judicial body by
supplying a party with a registrar certificate from us.

9. POLICY. You agree that your registration of the domain name
shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to a
Tucows, registry, ICANN or government-adopted policy, or pursuant to
any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with a Tucows,
registry, ICANN or government-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes
by us or a registry in registering the name or (2) for the resolution
of disputes concerning the domain name.

10. AGENCY. Should you intend to license use of a domain name to
a third party you shall nonetheless be the domain name holder of record
and are therefore responsible for providing your own full contact
information and for providing and updating accurate technical and
administrative contact information adequate to facilitate timely
resolution of any problems that arise in connection with the domain
name. You shall accept liability for harm caused by wrongful use of the
domain name. You represent that you will secure the agreement of any
third party to the terms and conditions in this Agreement

11. ANNOUNCEMENTS. We reserve the right to distribute
information to you that is pertinent to the quality or operation of our
services and those of our service partners. These announcements will be
predominately informative in nature and may include notices describing
changes, upgrades, new products or other information to add security or
to enhance your identity on the Internet.

12. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. You agree that our entire
liability, and your exclusive remedy, with respect to any Services(s)
provided under this Agreement and any breach of this Agreement is
solely limited to the amount you paid for the initial registration of
your domain name. Tucows and its directors, employees, affiliates,
subsidiaries, agents and third party providers, ICANN and the
applicable registries shall not be liable for any direct, indirect,
incidental, special or consequential damages resulting from the use or
inability to use any of the Services or for the cost of procurement of
substitute services. Because some states do not allow the exclusion or
limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages, in
such states, our liability is limited to the extent permitted by law.
We disclaim any and all loss or liability resulting from, but not
limited to: (1) loss or liability resulting from access delays or
access interruptions; (2) loss or liability resulting from data
non-delivery or data mis-delivery; (3) loss or liability resulting from
acts of God; (4) loss or liability resulting from the unauthorized use
or misuse of your account identifier or password; (5) loss or liability
resulting from errors, omissions, or misstatements in any and all
information or services(s) provided under this Agreement; (6) loss or
liability resulting from the interruption of your Service. You agree
that we will not be liable for any loss of registration and use of your
domain name, or for interruption of business, or any indirect, special,
incidental, or consequential damages of any kind (including lost
profits) regardless of the form of action whether in contract, tort
(including negligence), or otherwise, even if we have been advised of
the possibility of such damages.

13. INDEMNITY. You agree to release, indemnify, and hold Tucows,
its contractors, agents, employees, officers, directors and affiliates,
ICANN, the applicable registries and their respective directors,
officers, employees, agents and affiliates harmless from all
liabilities, claims and expenses, including attorney’s fees, of third
parties arising out of or relating to the registration or use of the
domain name registered in your name including without limitation
infringement by you or a third party with access to your Account
Identifier and Password. You also agree to release, indemnify and hold
us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions contained in the
applicable Dispute Policy. When we are threatened with suit by a third
party, we may seek written assurances from you concerning your promise
to indemnify us; your failure to provide those assurances may be
considered by us to be a breach of your Agreement and may result in the
suspension or cancellation of your domain name. This indemnification
obligation will survive the termination or expiration of this
Agreement.

14. TRANSFER OF OWNERSHIP. The person named as registrant on the
WHOIS shall be the registered name holder. The person named as
administrative contact at the time the controlling Account Identifier
and Password are secured, shall be deemed the designate of the
registrant with the authority to manage the domain name. You agree that
prior to transferring ownership of your domain name to another person
(the “Transferee”) you shall require the Transferee to agree, in
writing to be bound by all the terms and conditions of this Agreement.
If the Transferee fails to be bound in a reasonable fashion (as
determine by us in our sole discretion) to the terms and conditions in
this Agreement, any such transfer will be null and void.

15. BREACH. You agree that failure to abide by any provision of
this Agreement, any operating rule or policy or the Dispute Policy
provided by us, may be considered by us to be a material breach and
that we may provide a written notice, describing the breach, to you. If
within thirty (30) calendar days of the date of such notice, you fail
to provide evidence, which is reasonably satisfactory to us, that you
have not breached your obligations under the Agreement, then we may
delete the registration or reservation of your domain name. Any such
breach by you shall not be deemed to be excused simply because we did
not act earlier in response to that, or any other breach by you.

16. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES. You agree that your use of our
Services is solely at your own risk. You agree that such Service(s) is
provided on an “as is,” “as available” basis. We expressly disclaim all
warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, including but not
limited to the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a
particular purpose and non-infringement. We make no warranty that the
Services will meet your requirements, or that the Service(s) will be
uninterrupted, timely, secure, or error free; nor do we make any
warranty as to the results that may be obtained from the use of the
Service(s) or as to the accuracy or reliability of any information
obtained through the Service or that defects in the Service will be
corrected. You understand and agree that any material and/or data
downloaded or otherwise obtained through the use of Service is done at
your own discretion and risk and that you will be solely responsible
for any damage to your computer system or loss of data that results
from the download of such material and/or data. We make no warranty
regarding any goods or services purchased or obtained through the
Service or any transactions entered into through the Service. No advice
or information, whether oral or written, obtained by you from us or
through the Service shall create any warranty not expressly made
herein.

17. INFORMATION. As part of the registration process, you are
required to provide us certain information and to update us promptly as
such information changes such that our records are current, complete
and accurate. You are obliged to provide us the following information:

(a) your name and postal address (or, if different, that of the domain name holder);

(b) the domain name being registered;

(c) the name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice and fax
(if available) telephone numbers of the administrative contact for the
domain name;

(d) the name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice and fax (if
available) telephone numbers of the billing contact for the domain
name; and

(e) the name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice and fax (if
available) telephone numbers of the technical contact for the domain
name.

Any voluntary information we request is collected in order
that we can continue to improve the products and services offered to
you through your Reseller.

18. DISCLOSURE AND USE OF REGISTRATION INFORMATION. You agree
and acknowledge that we will make domain name registration information
you provide available to ICANN, to the registry administrators, law
enforcement agencies and to other third parties as applicable. You
further agree and acknowledge that we may make publicly available, or
directly available to third party vendors, some or all, of the domain
name registration information you provide, for purposes of inspection
(such as through our WHOIS service) or other purposes as required or
permitted by ICANN and applicable laws.

(a) You hereby consent to any and all such disclosures and use
of, and guidelines, limits and restrictions on disclosure or use of,
information provided by you in connection with the registration of a
domain name (including any updates to such information), whether during
or after the term of your registration of the domain name. You hereby
irrevocably waive any and all claims and causes of action you may have
arising from such disclosure or use of your domain name registration
information by us.

(b) You may access your domain name registration information
in our possession to review, modify or update such information, by
accessing our domain manager service, or similar service, made
available by us through your Reseller.

(c) We will not process or maintain data about any identified
or identifiable natural person that we obtain from you in a way
incompatible with the purposes and other limitations which we describe
in this Agreement.

(d) We will take reasonable precautions to protect the
information we obtain from you from our loss, misuse, unauthorized
disclosure, alteration or destruction of that information.

19. OBLIGATION TO MAINTAIN WHOIS. Your wilful provision of
inaccurate or unreliable information, your wilful failure promptly to
update information provided to us, or any failure to respond to
inquiries by us addressed to the email address of the registrant, the
administrative, billing or technical contact appearing in the WHOIS
directory with respect to a domain name concerning the accuracy of
contact details associated with the registration shall constitute a
material breach of this Agreement and be a basis for cancellation of
the domain name registration. Any information collected by us
concerning an identified or identifiable natural person (“Personal
Data”) will be used in connection with the registration of your domain
name(s) and for the purposes of this Agreement and as required or
permitted by ICANN or an applicable registry policy.

20. REVOCATION. We, in our sole discretion, reserve the right to
deny, cancel, suspend, transfer or modify any domain name registration
to correct a mistake, protect the integrity and stability of the
company and any applicable registry, to comply with any applicable
laws, government rules, or requirements, requests of law enforcement,
in compliance with any dispute resolution process, or to avoid any
liability, civil or criminal. You agree that we shall not be liable to
you for loss or damages that may result from our refusal to register or
cancel, suspend, transfer or modify your domain name registration.

21. INCONSISTENCIES WITH REGISTRY POLICIES. In the event that
this Agreement may be inconsistent with any term, condition, policy or
procedure of an applicable registry, the term, condition, policy or
procedure of the applicable registry shall prevail.

22. NON-WAIVER. Our failure to require performance by you of any
provision hereof shall not affect the full right to require such
performance at any time thereafter; nor shall the waiver by us of a
breach of any provision hereof be taken or held to be a waiver of the
provision itself.

23. NOTICES. Any notice, direction or other communication given
under this Agreement shall be in writing and given by sending it via
e-mail or via regular mail. In the case of e-mail, valid notice shall
only have been deemed to be given when an electronic confirmation of
delivery has been obtained by the sender. E-mail notification to Tucows
must be sent to lhutz@tucows.com.
Any notice to you will be sent to the e-mail address provided by you in
your WHOIS record. Any e-mail communication shall be deemed to have
been validly and effectively given on the date of such communication,
if such date is a business day and such delivery was made prior to 4:00
p.m. EST, otherwise it will be deemed to have been delivered on the
next business day. In the case of regular mail notice, valid notice
shall be deemed to have been validly and effectively given five (5)
business days after the date of mailing Postal notices to Tucows shall
be sent to:

TUCOWS Inc.
Registrant Affairs Office
96 Mowat Avenue
Toronto, Ontario M6K 3M1 CANADA
Attention: Legal Affairs

and in the case of notification to you shall be sent to
the address specified in the “Administrative Contact” in your WHOIS
record.

24. ENTIRETY. You agree that this Agreement, the applicable
dispute policy and the rules and policies published by Tucows and any
applicable registry or other governing authority are the complete and
exclusive agreement between you and us regarding our Services.

25. GOVERNING LAW. THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND
INTERPRETED AND ENFORCED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF PROVINCE OF
ONTARIO AND THE FEDERAL LAWS OF CANADA APPLICABLE THEREIN WITHOUT
REFERENCE TO RULES GOVERNING CHOICE OF LAWS. ANY ACTION RELATING TO
THIS AGREEMENT MUST BE BROUGHT IN ONTARIO AND YOU IRREVOCABLY CONSENT
TO THE JURISDICTION OF SUCH COURTS.

26. INFANCY. You attest that you are of legal age to enter into this Agreement.

27. FORCE MAJEURE. You acknowledge and agree that neither we nor
the applicable registry shall be responsible for any failures or delays
in performing our respective obligations hereunder arising from any
cause beyond our reasonable control, including but not limited to, acts
of God, acts of civil or military authority, fires, wars, riots,
earthquakes, storms, typhoons and floods.

28. PRIVACY. Information collected about you is subject to the
terms of Tucows’ privacy policy, the terms of which are hereby
incorporated by reference. Tucows’ privacy policy can be found at: http://www.tucows.com/privacy.html

29. CONTROLLING LANGUAGE. In the event that you are reading this
Agreement in a language other than the English language, you
acknowledge and agree that the English language version hereof shall
prevail in case of inconsistency or contradiction in interpretation or
translation.

30. TLD’S. The following additional provisions apply to any domain names that you register through Tucows with the various registries:

(a) .com/net domains: In the case of a “.com” or “.net” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:

(i) Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN’s Uniform Domain Dispute Policy (“UDRP”) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry; these policies are subject to modification.

(b) .org domains: In the case of a “.org” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:

(i) Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN’s Uniform Domain Dispute Policy (“UDRP”) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry. These policies are subject to modification.

(c) .info domains: In the case of a “.info” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:

(i) Registrant’s Personal Data. You consent to the use, copying,
distribution, publication, modification, and other processing of
Registrant’s personal data by Afilias, the .INFO registry, and its
designees and agents, in a manner consistent with the purposes
specified pursuant to its contract.

(ii) Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN’s Uniform Domain Dispute Policy (“UDRP”) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry. These policies are subject to modification.

(iii) Reservation of Rights. Tucows and Afilias expressly reserve the
right to deny, cancel, transfer, or modify any registration that either
registrar or Afilias deems necessary, at its discretion, to protect the
integrity and stability of the registry, to comply with any applicable
law, any government rule or requirement, any request of law
enforcement, any dispute resolution process, or to avoid any liability,
civil or criminal, on the part of the registrar and/or Afilias, as well
as their affiliates, subsidiaries, executives, directors, officers,
managers, employees, consultants, and agents. The registrar and Afilias
also reserve the right to suspend a domain name or its registration
data during resolution of a dispute.

(d) .biz domains. In the case of a “.biz” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:

(i) .biz Restrictions. Registrations in the .biz top-level
domain must be used or intended to be used primarily for bona fide
business or commercial purposes. For the purposes of the .biz
registration restrictions, “bona fide business or commercial use” shall
mean the bona fide use or bona fide intent to use the domain name or
any content, software, materials, graphics or other information
thereon, to permit Internet users to access one or more host computers
through the DNS:

(A) to exchange goods, services, or property of any kind;

(B) in the ordinary course of business; or

(C) to facilitate (i) the exchange of goods, services,
information or property of any kind; or (ii) the ordinary course of
trade or business.

For more information on the .biz restrictions, which are incorporated herein by reference, please see: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/biz/registry-agmt-appl-18apr01.htm.

(ii) Selection of a Domain Name. You represent that:

(A) the data provided in the domain name registration
application is true, correct, up to date and complete, and that you
will continue to keep all of the information provided correct,
up-to-date and complete;

(B) to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this
registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or
indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party;

(C) that the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at
any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever;

(D) the registered domain name will be used primarily for bona
fide business or commercial purposes and not (a) exclusively for
personal use, or (b) solely for the purposes of (1) selling, trading or
leasing the domain name for compensation, or (2) the unsolicited
offering to sell, trade or lease the domain name for compensation;

(E) you have the authority to enter into this Registration Agreement; and

(F) the registered domain name is reasonably related to your
business or intended commercial purpose at the time of registration.

(iii) Provision of Registration Data. As part of the
registration process, you are required to provide us with certain
information and to keep the information true, current, complete, and
accurate at all times. The information includes the following:

(A) your full name;

(B) your postal address;

(C) your e-mail address;

(D) your voice telephone number;

(E) your fax number (if applicable);

(F) the name of an authorized person for contact purposes in
the case of a registrant that is an organization, association, or
corporation;

(G) the IP addresses of the primary nameserver and any secondary nameserver for the domain name;

(H) the corresponding names of the primary and secondary nameservers;

(I) the full name, postal address, e-mail address, voice
telephone number, and, when available, fax number of the
administrative, technical, and billing contacts, and the name holder
for the domain name; and

(J) any remark concerning the domain name that should appear in the WHOIS directory.

(K) You agree and understand that the foregoing registration
data will be publicly available and accessible on the WHOIS directory
as required by ICANN and/or registry policies, and may be sold in bulk
in accordance with the ICANN agreement.

(iv) Domain Name Disputes. You acknowledge having read and understood
and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the following
documents, as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby
incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement:

(A) The Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (“Dispute Policy), available at: http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm;

(B) The Restrictions Dispute Resolution Criteria and Rules (“RDRP”), available at: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/biz/registry-agmt-appm-27apr01.htm;

(collectively, the “Dispute Policies”).

(v) The Dispute Policy sets forth the terms and conditions in
connection with a dispute between a Registrant and any party other than
the Registry or Registrar over the registration and use of an Internet
domain name registered by Registrant.

(vi) The RDRP sets forth the terms under which any allegation
that a domain name is not used primarily for business or commercial
purposes shall be endorsed on a case-by-case, fact specific basis by an
independent ICANN-accredited dispute provider.

(e) .name domains. In the case of a “.name” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:

(i) .name Restrictions. Registrations in the .name
top-level domain must constitute an individual’s “Personal Name”. For
purposes of the .name restrictions (the “Restrictions”), a “Personal
Name” is a person’s legal name, or a name by which the person is
commonly known. A “name by which a person is commonly known” includes,
without limitation, a pseudonym used by an author or painter, or a
stage name used by a singer or actor.

(ii) .name Representations. As a .name domain name registrant, you hereby represent that:

(A) the registered domain name or second level domain (“SLD”) e-mail address is your Personal Name.

(B) the data provided in the domain name registration
application is true, correct, up to date and complete and that you will
continue to keep all of the information provided correct, current and
complete,

(C) to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this
registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or
indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party;

(D) that the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at
any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever;

(E) the registration satisfies the Eligibility Requirements found at: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/name/registry-agmt-appl-8aug03.htm; and

(F) you have the authority to enter into this Registration Agreement.

(iii) E-mail Forwarding Services. The Services for which
you have registered may, at your option, include e-mail forwarding. To
the extent you opt to use e-mail forwarding, you are obliged to do so
in accordance with all applicable legislation and are responsible for
all use of e-mail forwarding, including the content of messages sent
through e-mail forwarding.

You undertake to familiarize yourself with the content of and
to comply with the generally accepted rules for Internet and e-mail
usage. This includes, but is not limited to the Acceptable Use Policy,
available at http://www.nic.name/downloads/aup.pdf as well as the following restrictions. Without prejudice to the foregoing, you undertake not to use e-mail forwarding:

(A) to encourage, allow or participate in any form of illegal or
unsuitable activity, including but not restricted to the exchange of
threatening, obscene or offensive messages, spreading computer viruses,
breach of copyright and/or proprietary rights or publishing defamatory
material;

(B) to gain illegal access to systems or networks by
unauthorized access to or use of the data in systems or networks,
including all attempts at guessing passwords, checking or testing the
vulnerability of a system or network or breaching the security or
access control without the sufficient approval of the owner of the
system or network;

(C) to interrupt data traffic to other users, servers or
networks, including, but not restricted to, mail bombing, flooding,
Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, wilful attempts to overload another
system or other forms of harassment; or

(D) for spamming, which includes, but is not restricted to,
the mass mailing of unsolicited e-mail, junk mail, the use of
distribution lists (mailing lists) which include persons who have not
specifically given their consent to be placed on such distribution
list. Users are not permitted to provide false names or in any other
way to pose as somebody else when using e-mail forwarding.

(iv) Registry reserves the right to implement additional
anti-spam measures, to block spam or mail from systems with a history
of abuse from entering Registry’s e-mail forwarding. However, due to
the nature of such systems, which actively block messages, Registry
shall make public any decision to implement such systems a reasonable
time in advance, so as to allow you or us to give feedback on the
decision.

(v) You understand and agree that Registry may delete material
that does not conform to clause (c) above or that in some other way
constitutes a misuse of e-mail forwarding. You further understand and
agree that Registry is at liberty to block your access to e-mail
forwarding if you use e-mail forwarding in a way that contravenes this
Agreement. You will be given prior warning of discontinuation of the
e-mail forwarding unless it would damage the reputation of Registry or
jeopardize the security of Registry or others to do so. Registry
reserves the right to immediately discontinue e-mail forwarding without
notice if the technical stability of e-mail forwarding is threatened in
any way, or if you are in breach of this Agreement. On discontinuing
e-mail forwarding, Registry is not obliged to store any contents or to
forward unsent e-mail to you or a third party.

(vi) You understand and agree that to the extent either we
and/or Registry is required by law to disclose certain information or
material in connection with your e-mail forwarding, either we and/or
Registry will do so in accordance with such requirement and without
notice to you.

(vii) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or
registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us
from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the dispute policy
that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by
reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://resellers.tucows.com/opensrs/legal.
Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy. In
addition, you hereby acknowledge that you have read and understood and
agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the following
documents, as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby
incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement.

(A) the Eligibility Requirements (the “Eligibility Requirements”), available at: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/name/registry-agmt-appl-8aug03.htm;

(B) the Eligibility Requirements Dispute Resolution Policy (the “ERDRP”), available at: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/name/registry-agmt-appm-8aug03.htm; and

(C) the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “UDRP”), available at: http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm.

(viii) The Eligibility Requirements dictate that Personal
Name domain names and Personal Name SLD e-mail addresses will be
granted on a first-come, first-served basis. The following categories
of Personal Name Registrations may be registered: (i) the Personal Name
of an individual; (ii) the Personal Name of a fictional character, if
you have trademark or service make rights in that character’s Personal
Name; (iii) in addition to a Personal Name registration, you may add
numeric characters to the beginning or the end of the Personal Name so
as to differentiate it from other Personal Names.

(ix) The ERDRP applies to challenges to (i) registered domain names and
SLD e-mail address registrations within .name on the grounds that a
Registrant does not meet the Eligibility Requirements, and (ii) to
Defensive Registrations (as defined by the Registry) within .name.

(x) The UDRP sets forth the terms and conditions in connection
with a dispute between a Registrant and party other than the Registry
or Tucows over the registration and use of an Internet domain name
registered by a Registrant.

31. ccTLD’S

(a) .ca domains. In the case of a “.ca” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:

(i) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or
registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us
from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy,
which is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by
reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.cira.ca/en/cat_Dpr.html. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.

(ii) Registry Policy. You agree that your registration of the domain
name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant
to any Registry-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or
registry procedure not inconsistent with a Registry adopted policy, (1)
to correct mistakes by Tucows or the Registry in registering the name
or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name.

(iii) Transfer of Ownership. Any transfer of ownership in and
to a domain name registration shall be affected in accordance with
registry policies and procedures.

(iv) Registry Agreement and Policy. You acknowledge and
understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement
you shall be bound by the Registry’s Registrant Agreement, the
Registry’s policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now
or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.cira.ca/en/doc_Registrar.html.
You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular
basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or
modification to any Registry agreement or policy, your sole remedy is
to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate
Registry policy regarding such cancellation.

(v) You acknowledge and agree that the Registry shall not be liable to
you for any loss, damage, or expense arising out of the Registry’s
failure or refusal to register a domain name, it’s failure or refusal
to renew a domain name registration, it’s registration of a domain
name, it’s failure or refusal to renew a domain name registration, it’s
renewal of a domain name registration, it’s failure or refusal to
transfer a domain name registration, it’s transfer of a domain name
registration, it’s failure or refusal to maintain or modify a domain
name registration, it’s maintenance of a domain name registration, it’s
modification of a domain name registration, it’s failure to cancel a
domain name registration or it’s cancellation of a domain name
registration from the Registry;

(b) .cc Domains. In the case of a “.cc” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:

(i) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or
registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us
from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy
that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by
reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.nic.cc/policies/dispute.html. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.

(ii) Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting
the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by
Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or
in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.nic.cc.
You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular
basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or
modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your
domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy
regarding such cancellation.

(c) .cn Domains. In the case of a “.cn” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:

(i) “Registry” means the China Internet Network Information Center,
which is the authority responsible for the administration of the
national top-level domain of the People’s Republic of China and the
Chinese domain name system;

(ii) “Registry Gateway” means the service provided by the
Registry Operator that facilitates the registration of .cn domain names
by registrars operating outside of the People’s Republic of China;

(iii) “Registry Operator” means Neustar, Inc., the company
authorized to facilitate the registration of .cn domain names by
registrars operating outside of the People’s Republic of China.

(iv) Restrictions. You agree that you shall not register or use a domain name that is deemed by CNNIC to:

(A) be against the basic principles prescribed in the Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China (“PRC”);

(B) jeopardize national security, leak state secrets, intend to overturn the government or disrupt the integrity of the PRC;

(C) harm national honour and national interests of the PRC;

(D) instigate hostility or discrimination between different nationalities or disrupt the national solidarity of the PRC;

(E) spread rumours, disturb public order or disrupt social stability of the PRC;

(F) spread pornography, obscenity, gambling, violence, homicide, terror or instigate crimes in the PRC;

(G) insult, libel against others and infringe other people’s legal rights and interests in the PRC; or

(H) take any other action prohibited in laws, rules and administrative regulations of the PRC.

(v) Business or Organization Representation. .cn domain
name registrations are intended for businesses and organizations and
not for individual use. By registering a .cn name, you accordingly
represent that you have registered the domain name on behalf or a
business or organization. It should be noted that, although .cn policy
is permissive in terms of registration, and enforcement is generally in
reaction to a complaint (as opposed to proactive review), registrations
that are not associated with an organization or business may be subject
to deletion. The foregoing prevents an individual from registering a
.cn domain name for a business operating as a sole proprietorship.

(vi) Domain Name Disputes. You acknowledge having read and
understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the
CNNIC Domain Name Dispute Policy & Rules for CNNIC Dispute
Resolution Policy (“Dispute Policy”), as they may be amended from time
to time, which are hereby incorporated and made an integral part of
this Agreement. The Dispute Policy is currently found at: http://www.cnnic.net.cn/html/Dir/2003/11/27/1526.htm.

(vii) You acknowledge that, pursuant to the Dispute Policy, Registrars
must comply with all reasonable requests from the applicable domain
name dispute resolution institutions including the provision of all
relevant evidence in any domain name disputes in the specified time
frames.

(viii) If we are notified that a complaint has been filed with
a judicial or administrative body regarding your use of our domain name
registration services, you agree not to make any changes to your domain
name record without our prior approval. We may not allow you to make
changes to such domain name record until (i) we are directed to do so
by the judicial or administrative body, or (ii) we receive notification
by you and the other party contesting your registration and use of our
domain name registration services that the dispute has been settled.
Furthermore, you agree that if you are subject to litigation regarding
your registration and use of our domain name registration services, we
may deposit control of your domain name record into the registry of the
judicial body by supplying a party with a registrar certificate from
us.

(ix) Adherence to Policies. You agree to comply with all
applicable laws, regulations and policies of the Peoples Republic of
China’s governmental agencies and the China Internet Network
Information Centre (“CNNIC”), including but not limited to the
following rules and regulations:

(A) Provisional Administrative Rules for Registration of Domain Names in China (currently at http://www.cnnic.net.cn/html/Dir/2003/11/27/1520.htm);

(B) Detailed Implementation Rules for Registration of Domain Names in China (currently at http://www.cnnic.net.cn/html/Dir/2003/11/27/1522.htm);

(C) Chinese Domain Names Dispute Resolution Policy (currently at http://www.cnnic.net.cn/html/Dir/2003/11/27/1526.htm); and

(D) CNNIC Implementing Rules of Domain Name Registration (currently at http://www.cnnic.net.cn/html/Dir/2003/11/27/1503.htm).

You acknowledge that you have read and understood and
agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the policies of the
CNNIC, as they may be amended from time to time.

(x) Suspension and Cancellation. You agree that your
registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension,
cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any Tucows, Registry Operator,
CNNIC or government-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or
registry procedure not inconsistent with a CNNIC or government-adopted
policy, (1) to correct mistakes by a party in registering the name, (2)
for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name, (3) to
protect the integrity and stability of the registry, (4) to comply with
any applicable laws, government rules or requirements, requests of aw
enforcement, (5) to avoid any liability, civil or criminal, on the part
of Tucows, Registry Operator or CNNIC, as well as their affiliates,
subsidiaries, directors, representatives, employees and stockholders or
(6) for violations of this Agreement. Tucows, Registry Operator and
CNNIC also reserve the right to “freeze” a domain name during the
resolution of a dispute.

(xi) Jurisdiction. For the adjudication of disputes concerning or
arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit,
without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the
jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, (2) where
Tucows is located, and (3) the People’s Republic of China.

(xii) Governing Law. For the adjudication of a dispute
concerning or arising from use of a .cn domain, such dispute will be
governed under the Laws of the Peoples Republic of China.

(d) .de domains. In the case of a “.de” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:

(i) Selection of a Domain Name. You represent that:

(A) you have reviewed and have accepted the Registry’s
Terms and Conditions and the Registry’s Guidelines and have provided
your Reseller with written confirmation of same;

(B) either you, or the person designated as the administrative
contact for the domain name, shall be resident or shall have a branch
in Germany;

(C) to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this
registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or
indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party
and, further, that the domain name is not being registered for nor
shall it at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose
whatsoever.

(ii) Domain Name Disputes. You agree that, if the
registration or reservation of your domain name is challenged by a
third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified by the
Registry or any court of law. You agree that in the event a domain name
dispute arises with any third party, you will indemnify and hold us
harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions specified by the Registry
or any court of law. (iii) Registry Policies. You agree to be bound by
the Registry’s Registration Terms and Conditions and the Registration
Guidelines. English language translations of the Registry’s documents
are provided for convenience; in the event of a discrepancy between the
English and the German language agreements, the terms of the German
agreement will prevail. The Registry documents may be found at:

11.2. English:

(A) Registration Terms and Conditions
http://www.denic.de/en/bedingungen.html

(B) Registration Guidelines
http://www.denic.de/en/richtlinien.html

(C) DENIC direct pricelist

http://www.denic.de/en/preisliste.html

11.3. German:

(D) DENIC-Registrierungsbedingungen
http://www.denic.de/de/bedingungen.html

(E) DENIC-Registrierungsrichtlinien
http://www.denic.de/de/richtlinien.html

(F) DENIC-Preisliste

http://www.denic.de/de/preisliste.html

(e) .tv domains. In the case of a “.tv” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:

(i) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain
name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another
Registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy that is
incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The
current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.

(ii) Policy . You agree that your registration of the .tv domain name
shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to
any ICANN or government adopted policy, or pursuant to any Registrar or
registry procedure not inconsistent with an ICANN or government-adopted
policy, (1) to correct mistakes by us or the applicable Registry in
registering the name or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning
the domain name. You acknowledge that you have reviewed the .tv General
Terms of Service which may be found at: http://www.tv/en-def-5066945b5fcc/en/policies/tos.shtml and expressly agree to the terms outlined therein.

(f) co.uk, .org.uk, ltd.uk, net.uk, plc.uk and me.uk domains. In the case of a co.uk, .org.uk, ltd.uk, net.uk, plc.uk or me.uk registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:

(i) “Nominet UK” means the entity granted the exclusive right to administer the registry for .uk domain name registrations.

(ii) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain
name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another
registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy which is
incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The
current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at: http://www.nic.uk/DisputeResolution/DrsPolicy/. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.

(iii) Nominet UK Policy. You agree that your registration of the domain
name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant
to any Nominet UK-adopted policy, term or condition, or pursuant to any
registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with an Nominet
UK-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by a registrar or the
registry in registering the name, or (2) for the resolution of disputes
concerning the domain name. The current Nominet UK terms and conditions
can be found at: http://www.nominet.org.uk/ReferenceDocuments/TermsAndConditions/TermsAndConditions.html

When you submit a request for a domain name registration with Tucows
and/or Reseller, you will be entering into two contracts – one contract
with Tucows and/or Reseller and one contract with Nominet UK.

Tucows and your Reseller will act as agents on your behalf by
submitting your application to Nominet for you, however, you will still
be entering into a direct contract between you and Nominet UK. This is
a separate contract from this agreement; may be found at http://resellers.tucows.com/contracts/uk/ukterms.
Tucows and Reseller must also make you aware that by accepting
Nominet’s terms and conditions you are consenting to Nominet using your
personal data for a variety of reasons. In particular, your name and
address may be published as part of Nominet’s WHOIS look-up service.

(iv) Transfer of Ownership. Any transfer of ownership in and
to a domain name registration shall be affected in accordance with
Nominet UK policies and procedures..

(g) .us domains. In the case of a “.us” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:

(i) “DOC” means the United States of America Department of Commerce.

(ii) us Nexus Requirement. Only those individuals or
organizations that have a substantive lawful connection in the United
States are permitted to register for .usTLD domain names. Registrants
in the .usTLD must satisfy the nexus requirement (“Nexus” or “Nexus
Requirements”) set out at: http://www.neustar.us/policies/docs/ustld_nexus_requirements.pdf.

(iii) Selection of a Domain Name. You certify and represent that:

(A) You have and shall continue to have, a bona fide presence in the
United States on the basis of real and substantial lawful contacts
with, or lawful activities in, the United States as defined in Section
(ii) hereinabove;

(B) The listed name servers are located within the United States;

(C) The data provided in the domain name registration application is
true, correct, up to date and complete, and that you will continue to
keep all of the information provided correct, up-to-date and complete;

(D) To the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this
registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or
indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party;

(E) That the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at
any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever;

(F) You have the authority to enter into this Registration Agreement.

(iv) Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain
name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another
registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy and the usDRP,
as defined below, that is incorporated herein and made a part of this
Agreement by reference. Please take the time to familiarize yourself
with these policies.

(A) Domain Name Disputes. You acknowledge having read and understood
and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the following
documents, as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby
incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement:

(B) The Nexus Dispute Policy (“Dispute Policy), available at: http://www.neustar.us/policies/docs/nexus_dispute_policy.pdf.
The Dispute Policy will provide interested parties with an opportunity
to challenge a registration not complying with the Nexus Requirements.

(C) The usTLD Dispute Resolution Policy (“usDRP”) available at: http://www.neustar.us/policies/docs/usdrp.pdf.
The usDRP is intended to provide interested parties with an opportunity
to challenge a registration based on alleged trademark infringement.

In addition to the foregoing, you agree that, for the
adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the
Registered Name, you shall submit, without prejudice to other
potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts
(i) of your domicile, (ii) where Tucows is located, and (iii) the
United States.

(v) Policy. You agree that your registration of the domain
name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant
to any Tucows, Registry Operator, the DOC or government-adopted policy,
or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent
with a DOC or government-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by us
or the applicable Registry in registering the name or (2) for the
resolution of disputes concerning the domain name. The Registry
Operator’s policies can be found at http://www.neustar.us/policies.

(vi) Indemnity. The DOC shall be added to the parties you have agreed to indemnify in Section 13 hereinabove.

(vii) Information. As part of the registration process, you are
required to provide us certain information and to update us promptly as
such information changes such that our records are current, complete
and accurate. You are obliged to provide us the following information:

(A) Your full name, postal address, e-mail address and telephone number
and fax number (if available) (or, if different, that of the domain
name holder);

(B) The domain name being registered;

(C) The name, postal address, e-mail address, and telephone number and
fax number (if available) telephone numbers of the administrative
contact, the technical contact and the billing contact for the domain
name;

(D) The IP addresses and names of the primary nameserver and any secondary nameserver(s) for the domain name;

(E) In addition to the foregoing, you will be required to
provide additional Nexus Information. The Nexus Information
requirements are set out at http://www.neustar.us/policies/docs/ustld_nexus_requirements.pdf.

Any other information, which we request from you at registration, is
voluntary. Any voluntary information we request is collected for the
purpose of improving the products and services offered to you through
your Reseller.

(viii) Disclosure and Use of the Registration Information. You agree
and acknowledge that we will make domain name registration information
you provide available to the DOC, to the Registry Operator, and to
other third parties as applicable. You further agree and acknowledge
that we may make publicly available, or directly available to third
party vendors, some, or all, of the domain name registration
information you provide, for purposes of inspection (such as through
our WHOIS service) or other purposes as required or permitted by the
DOC and applicable laws.

You hereby consent to any and all such disclosures and use of
information provided by you in connection with the registration of a
domain name (including any updates to such information), whether during
or after the term of your registration of the domain name. You hereby
irrevocably waive any and all claims and causes of action you may have
arising from such disclosure or use of your domain name registration
information by us.

You may access your domain name registration information in our
possession to review, modify or update such information, by accessing
our domain manager service, or similar service, made available by us
through your Reseller.

We will not process data about any identified or identifiable natural
person that we obtain from you in a way incompatible with the purposes
and other limitations which we describe in this Agreement.

We will take reasonable precautions to protect the information we
obtain from you from our loss, misuse, unauthorized accessor
disclosure, alteration or destruction of that information.

ACCEPTANCE OF AGREEMENT. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ THIS
AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO ALL ITS TERMS AND CONDITIONS. YOU HAVE
INDEPENDENTLY EVALUATED THE DESIRABILITY OF THE SERVICE AND ARE NOT
RELYING ON ANY REPRESENTATION AGREEMENT, GUARANTEE OR STATEMENT OTHER
THAN AS SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT.

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